Most passerines are smaller than typical members of other avian orders. The heaviest and altogether largest passerines are the Thick-billed Raven and the larger races of Common Raven. The foot of a passerine has three toes directed forward and one toe directed backward, called anisodactyl arrangement. This arrangement has evolved in a way that enables the passerine birds to perch upon vertical surfaces, such as trees and cliffs. The toes have no webbing or joining, but in some cotigas, the second and third toes are united at their basal third. The hind toe joins the leg at the same level as the front toes. Passerines have this toe arrangement in common with hunting birds like eagles and falcons.
Thank you to all the photographers that submitted photos of birds with the theme Passerine, your pictures can create awareness about the variety and beauty of birds in our environment. Here we present the Top 25 photographs of passerines.
Blyth’s starling is also known as the Chestnut-tailed Starling (Dr SS Suresh)Blue-throated blue flycatcher he blue-throated blue flycatcher is a small passerine bird in the flycatcher family. It resembles Cyornis tickelliae but easily separated by the blue throat. Photographed in Thattekad, Kerala, India (Poonam S Nayaka)The Blue-naped Mousebird is a fairly small to medium-sized bird, measuring 13-14 inches in length. Adults have an ash brown, grey-ish body, crested head with a turquoise nape, and a black-and-red bill, whereas juveniles lack the blue on nape, and have pink facial skin and greenish bills (Wasif Yaqeen – WY Agency Gallery)The black-headed bunting is found in flocks as it forages on grasslands for seeds. They breed in summer, building a nest in a low bush or on the ground. Photographed in Beas Punjab (Sandeeb Beas)Black faced laughingthrush in Neora Valley National Park,West Bengal, India (Ajoy Kumar Dawn)Baya weaver is wide spread in Indian subcontinent. Photographed in Bodilaveedu, Andhra Pradesh (Hanu Mandalapu)The yellow oriole is also called the ‘plantain’ and ‘small corn bird’, and in Venezuela it is known as ‘gonzalito’ (Michiel Oversteegen)White-Rumped Munia or White-Rumped Mannikin (Lonchura striata) is native to tropical continental Asia and some adjacent islands, and has been naturalized in some parts of Japan (Prasil Biswas)Velvet Fronted Nuthatch is an extremely agile bird which keeps moving from branches to branches often taking a break intermittently. Photographed at Jim Corbett National Park (Deepak Singla)The Silver Bill is a small passerine bird found in the Indian Subcontinent and adjoining regions that was formerly considered to include the closely related African Silver Bill. Photographed in Gurugram, Haryana , India (Anuj Pokhriyal)Rufous-chinned laughingthrush can be identified by the combination of the black cap and band on its brown tail (Nishant Rana)Purple Sunbird feed mainly on nectar, they will also take insects when feeding young (Prafulla Gawande Patil)Pied Bush Chats nest in cavities in stone walls or in holes in an embankment, lining the nest with grass and animal hair (Sanjiv Khanna)Oriental skylark in Kolkata, West Bengal, India (Prasil Biswas)Long-tailed Shrikes are found widely distributed across Asia and there are variations in plumage across the range. Photographed in Punjab, India (Harleen Kaur)Males and females of Little Spiderhunters are very similar. Photo taken in Singapore (Senthil Kumar Damodaran)The Lineated barbet is a large barbet found in the northern parts of the Indian subcontinent, along the southern foothills of the Himalayas and also in parts of Bangladesh, West Bengal and also Singapore. Coochbehar outskirts, West Bengal (Prashanta Bhattacharjee)The white morph of the Indian Paradise Flycatcher in Sattal, Uttarakhand, India (Gur Simrat Singh)Indian Bush Lark is most commonly found in arid areas. This bird is found in Pakistan and north-western, central and south-central India. Photographed in New Delhi, India. (Nishant Rana)Green Tailed Sunbirds are found in the northern regions of the Indian Subcontinent, stretching eastwards into parts of Southeast Asia (Binit Chatterjee)Fire Breasted Flowerpecker like other flowerpeckers, this little bird feeds on fruits and plays an important role in the dispersal of fruiting plants (Gur Simrat Singh)Evening Grosbeak The evening grosbeak is similar in appearance to the Eurasian hawfinch, both being bulky, heavily built finches with large bills and short tails .Photographed in Republic, Washington (Jola Charlton)Coppersmith barbets are known for their metronomic call that sounds similar to a coppersmith striking metal with a hammer. They are resident found in the Indian Subcontinent and parts of Southeast Asia. Photo taken in West Bengal, India (Firdousi Ahmed)Common Blackbird in Sattal, Uttarakhand, India (Nishant Rana)The Brahminy Starling is a resident breeder in Nepal and India, a winter visitor to Sri Lanka and a summer visitor in parts of the western Himalayas and northeastern Himalayas (Amrik Singh)
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Edited by Abigail Ramudzuli, Campaign Manager