KABUL (REUTERS) – Taleban fighters seized control on Thursday (July 8) of a key district in western Afghanistan that includes a major border crossing with Iran, Afghan security officials said, as the Islamist insurgents continued their rapid military advances around the country.

In the last week, the Taleban have overrun areas bordering five countries – Iran, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, China and Pakistan – as foreign forces end their two-decade intervention and the domestic security situation deteriorates.

Pitched battles between Taleban fighters and Afghan government forces were also under way in the northern Balkh province bordering Uzbekistan.

Two senior security officials told Reuters on condition of anonymity that the Islam Qala border crossing with Iran, located in Herat province, had fallen to the Taleban and that Afghan security and customs officials had fled across the border.

Al Alalam TV, Iran’s official Arabic language service, also reported that Afghan soldiers had entered Iranian territory via the border crossing to escape the Taleban.

Tariq Arian, spokesman for the Afghan interior ministry, denied the reports and said the border crossing was still under the control of government forces.

Calls by Reuters to the offices of the provincial governor and police went unanswered.

Another security official said Taleban fighters had seized five districts in Herat without a fight.

Earlier this week, more than 1,000 Afghan security personnel fled into Tajikistan as the Taleban captured most of the northern province of Badakhshan, which also borders China and Pakistan.

Clashes in western province

The defence ministry said Afghan government forces earlier on Thursday wrested back control of Qala-e-Naw, capital of the western province of Badghis, which had been stormed by the Taleban on Wednesday.

Hundreds of troops were deployed to the region, the ministry said, adding that fighting was continuing on the fringes of Qala-e-Naw, where insurgents had earlier seized key government buildings in the city including police headquarters.

“The city is fully (back) under our control and we are conducting operations against the Taleban on the outskirts of the city,” Defence Ministry spokesman Fawad Aman said.

The ministry said 69 Taleban fighters were killed in operations on the edge of Qala-e-Naw – the first major provincial capital entered by the insurgents in their latest offensive.

The rest of Badghis province is in Taleban hands. Western security officials say the Taleban have captured more than 100 districts in Afghanistan. The Taleban say they hold over 200 districts in 34 provinces comprising over half the country.

Major cities remain under government control.

The insurgents have been gaining territory for weeks but accelerated their thrust as the United States vacated its main Afghan base, effectively ending an intervention that began with the ousting of the Islamist Taleban government in 2001.

Taleban advances have been especially dramatic in northern provinces where they had long been kept at bay.

Stop-start peace talks between the government and insurgents remain inconclusive. Taleban delegations visited Iran on Wednesday and were in Moscow on Thursday.

Defending the decision to pull US forces out of Afghanistan, President Joe Biden said on Thursday he did not expect the Taleban to take over the whole country and that he trusted the Afghan military.

“We’re ending America’s longest war,” he said.

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