Why is West Papua in Constant Turmoil?

Why is West Papua in Constant Turmoil?

Papua has been in constant turmoil for more than 50 years, especially following the territory’s incorporation into Indonesia in 1969. This include incidences of violence where either Papuans, or Indonesian military and civilian personnel, have been killed. For instance, in December 2018, Papuan fighters killed 19 Indonesian construction workers in Nduga, in Papua province. In January 2019, one Indonesian soldier was killed in Nduga and two months later, in March,…

Celebrating Democracy and Peace in Timor-Leste

Celebrating Democracy and Peace in Timor-Leste

On August 30, 2019, Timor-Leste celebrates the 20th anniversary of its independence referendum. The young country deserves more credit than it often receives. There is no denying the insurmountable amount of work that remains to be done, and one is undoubtedly right to believe that the country could have achieved still more progress than it has managed thus far. However, given the long and harrowing history of colonization — which…

The South China Sea Island China Gave Away

The South China Sea Island China Gave Away

In 1957, as the Vietnam War escalated, the most strategic island in the Gulf of Tonkin was secretly transferred from China to Vietnam. This island, called Bach Long Vi (BLV), has long been regarded as essential not only for security and defense, but also for oil and gas exploration, marine economic development, and environmental conservation in the area. It is also an important fishery with enormous potential in seafood processing,…

Dashed Hopes for Myanmar’s Women

Dashed Hopes for Myanmar’s Women

Having women play a central role in political activism and robust leadership is not unknown in Myanmar. In fact, as early as 1992, Aung San Suu Kyi, the country’s present de facto leader, came to be popularly known as an international symbol of democracy and resilience due to her untrammelled moral rectitude, dignity, and immense determination. Yet patriarchal, cultural, and institutional constraints have continued to distort women’s participation within both…

The Cyber Dimension of the South China Sea Clashes

The Cyber Dimension of the South China Sea Clashes

Three years since the Philippines won its landmark victory at the Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) at The Hague against China’s overlapping claims in the West Philippine Sea or the South China Sea, the majority of Filipinos still demand that the Duterte government enforce the arbitral ruling. In a recent survey, 87 percent of Filipinos want the Duterte government to “arrest and prosecute” Chinese fishermen for destroying marine life in Philippine…