The Kapau community lies on the edge of the Sioma Ngwezi National Park, Zambia, in the Kalahari basin of the KAZA Conservation Area. The community has minimal access to water sources, including a few ponds and other perennial bodies of water which they must share with their livestock as well as wildlife within the park. Unfortunately, competition for water access between the community and wildlife has led to increased human wildlife conflict (HWC) issues, including crop raiding and livestock killings by other wildlife in the park.
In attempt to mitigate issues of HWC, members of Kapau would dig shallow wells to create other sources of water, which often collapsed due to the sandy soil they were dug into and contributed to waterborne diseases. In addition to these natural sources, the community only had two hand-pump water boreholes, narrow shafts drilled into the ground to extract drinking water. One borehole was only accessible to a single school and a handful of the surrounding villages, and the other was a 45-minute walk away and required hours of waiting in line to collect the water. On average, it took around five hours for the women and children of Kapau to fetch water at this distant borehole. Only after all the households had their water could these sources then be opened to the cattle for drinking, usually after the sun had already set, making them more exposed to predators.
With support and funding from the Isdell Foundation and WWF, a new solar powered borehole was installed in Kapau to expand their options for drinking water. The water from this new borehole is pumped into a 5,200 gallon tank which supplies a nearby tap where community members can fetch water. Out of the 494 households in the community, 78 of them now access water from this newly drilled source.