KABUL (REUTERS) – The territory controlled by the crumbling Afghan government shrank to little more than Kabul on Sunday (Aug 15) as the Taleban took the key eastern city of Jalalabad without a fight, while the United States sent more troops to help evacuate its civilians.

The fall of the last major city outside the capital secured for the insurgents the roads connecting Afghanistan to Pakistan, a western official said.

It followed the Taleban’s seizure of the major northern city of Mazar-i-Sharif.

“There are no clashes taking place right now in Jalalabad because the governor has surrendered to the Taleban,” a Jalalabad-based Afghan official told Reuters.

“Allowing passage to the Taleban was the only way to save civilian lives,” the official said.

The hardline militants have swept through the country in recent weeks as US-led forces withdrew. The Taleban campaign accelerated to lightning speed in the past week, shocking Western countries as the Afghan military’s defences appeared to collapse.

US President Joe Biden on Saturday authorised the deployment of 5,000 troops to help evacuate citizens and ensure an orderly and safe drawdown of US military staff. A US defence official said that included 1,000 newly approved troops from the 82nd Airborne Division.

Taleban fighters entered Mazar-i-Sharif on Saturday virtually unopposed as security forces escaped up the highway to neighbouring Uzbekistan, about 80km to the north, provincial officials said.

Unverified video on social media showed Afghan army vehicles and men in uniforms crowding the iron bridge between the Afghan town of Hairatan and Uzbekistan.

Two influential militia leaders supporting the government – Atta Mohammad Noor and Abdul Rashid Dostum – also fled. Mr Noor said on social media that the Taleban had been handed control of Balkh province, where Mazar-i-Sharif is located, due to a “conspiracy”.

In a statement late on Saturday, the Taleban said its rapid gains showed it was popularly accepted by the Afghan people and reassured both Afghans and foreigners that they would be safe.

The Islamic Emirate (Taleban) “will, as always, protect their life, property and honour and create a peaceful and secure environment for its beloved nation”, it said, adding that diplomats and aid workers would also face no problems.

As the capital looked increasingly isolated as a government stronghold, Afghans streamed into Kabul, fleeing the provinces and fearing a return to hardline Islamist rule.

Hundreds of people slept huddled in tents or in the open in the city, by roadsides or in car parks, a resident said. “You can see the fear in their faces,” he said.

Internally displaced Afghan families, who fled from the northern province, sit in the courtyard of a mosque in Kabul on Aug 13, 2021. PHOTO: AFP
Internally displaced Afghan families, who fled from the northern province, sit in the courtyard of a mosque in Kabul on Aug 13, 2021. PHOTO: AFP

Western governments were accelerating plans to evacuate their embassy staff, citizens and Afghans who had worked for them.

American troops arrived in Kabul to protect the operation and keep control of the airport. The US State Department has reached out to advocates to request names of Afghans in Kabul who have worked with the Americans and need to be evacuated, two sources familiar with the matter said. The list of names could include journalists and human rights activists.

The British ambassador will leave the country by Sunday evening, British media reported. The country, which was sending 600 troops, sped up the departure of Britons due to the rising risk that the Taleban would overrun the airport, the reports said.

Mr Biden said his administration had told Taleban officials in Qatar that any action that put US staff at risk “will be met with a swift and strong US military response”.

Earlier, the Taleban, facing little resistance, took Pul-e-Alam, capital of Logar province and 70km south of Kabul, according to a local provincial council member, who spoke on condition of anonymity.

Police officials, however, denied reports that the Taleban had advanced closer to Kabul from Pul-e-Alam, which is a staging post for a potential assault on the capital.

Kandahar, the biggest city in the south and the heartland of the Taleban, fell to the militants’ control last Friday, as US-led forces complete their withdrawal after 20 years of war launched after the Sept 11 attacks on the US in 2001.

Mr Biden has faced rising domestic criticism as the Taleban have taken city after city far more quickly than predicted. The President has stuck to a plan, initiated by Republican former president Donald Trump, to end the US military mission in Afghanistan by Aug 31.

Mr Biden said it is up to the Afghan military to hold its own territory. “An endless American presence in the middle of another country’s civil conflict was not acceptable to me,” Mr Biden said on Saturday.

Afghan President Ashraf Ghani on Saturday held talks with local leaders and international partners, including US Secretary of State Antony Blinken. Mr Ghani and Mr Blinken discussed urgent efforts to reduce violence in Afghanistan, the State Department said.

Qatar, which has been hosting so-far inconclusive peace talks between the Afghan government and the Taleban, said it had urged the insurgents to cease fire.

Mr Ghani has given no sign of responding to a Taleban demand that he resign as a condition for any ceasefire.

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